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New Holidays

Level: Basic

• A few new holidays have been added in the last 100 years
• They relate to the Holocaust and the State of Israel

A few minor holidays have been added to the calendar to commemorate various significant events relating to the Holocaust and the modern state of Israel. All of these holidays occur in the period between Passover and Shavu'ot. These holidays are not universally acknowledged, the dates are not entirely agreed upon, and the observances are not yet standardized. Nevertheless, they are worth noting.

Yom Ha-Shoah 
Yom Ha-Shoah (in Hebrew)

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Also known as Holocaust Remembrance Day, this holiday occurs on the 27th of Nissan. "Shoah" is the Hebrew word for the Holocaust. This is a memorial day for those who died in the Holocaust.

Yom Ha-Zikkaron 
Yom Ha-Zikkaron (in Hebrew)

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Israeli Memorial Day, observed on Iyar 4, remembers those who died in the War of Independence and other wars in Israel. Unlike American Memorial Day, this is a very serious, solemn day in Israel, because so many people have lost immediate relatives or close friends in Israel's wars.

Yom Ha-Atzma'ut 
Yom Ha-Atzmaut (in Hebrew)

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MIDI Israeli Independence Day, marking the establishment of the modern state of Israel in 1948. It is observed on the 5th of Iyar. Click the musical notes to hear the Israeli national anthem, Ha-tikvah. According to some views, the restrictions of the Omer period are lifted for this day. A few anti-Zionist Jews observe this day as a day of mourning for the sin of proclaiming the state of Israel without the Messiah.

Yom Yerushalayim 
Yom Yerushalayim (in Hebrew)

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The 28th day of Iyar commemorates the reunification of the city of Jerusalem in Israeli hands. According to some views, the restrictions of the Omer period are lifted for this day.

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